More than anything though, what shapes a child's cognitive ability to detect facial expression is being exposed to it from the time of birth. Ekman showed that facial expressions of emotion are not culturally determined, but universal across human cultures. Similarly, Darwin observed that infants' method of expression for certain emotions was instinctive, as they were able to display emotional expressions they had not themselves yet witnessed. A Review of the Cross-Cultural Studies". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Some have hypothesized that this is due to infancy, as humans are one of the few mammals who maintain regular eye contact with their mother while nursing. Lawrence, Detroit Free Press"Personal watercraft explodes, injuring Bloomfield Hills woman," 1 July Malone suffered multiple injuries, including a fractured pelvis, skill and ribs, a collapsed lung and facial injuries, according to the GoFundMe page.
Switch to new thesaurus. This is demonstrated in infants before the age of two; they display distress, disgust, interest, anger, contempt, surprise, and fear. Aspects such as blinking rate can possibly be used to indicate whether a person is nervous or whether he or she is lying. Facial expression is used in sign languages to convey specific meanings. According to one set of controversial theories, these movements convey the emotional state of an individual to observers.